The history of Rincón de la Victoria:
The municipality hides many historical sights and is one of the places in Málaga province with the earliest presence of man. In the caves of Cueva de la Victoria y Cueva del Tesoro, there is evidence of humans dating back to the Middle Paleolithic and Upper Paleolithic periods. The oldest settlement is a Phoenician settlement from the 7th century BC. In the 8th century BC, the Phoenicians settled on the Benagalbón hill, which the Romans later took. The ruins of a bath complex, traces of a garum factory and a luxurious house remain there. The fortified city was named “Bezmiliana”.
Thanks to Pliny the Elder and the Spanish-Muslim geographer and cartographer Muhammad Al-Idrisi, we know of the fort built to fight off attackers at sea in the first century AD. In the times of Al-Andalus, the town became important, acquiring the status of a medina. Around 1400, the Nasrid ruler Yusuf I had several lookout towers built along the coastline.
Eventually, the Muslims fled, thanks to the Christian troops from Vélez-Málaga. People were drawn to repopulate the area but were ultimately driven away by the endless invasions from the sea and the plague. To reinforce the defensive system, Fernando de Uncibay converted the main mosque into a fortification of which the cistern, the base of the minaret and the bottom of the Christian bastion were preserved.
In 1571 Filipe II constructed two watchtowers on the coast. This construction gave name to the Torre de Benagalbón (Tower of Benagalbón).
The municipality entered a decline phase until the 18th century when King Charles II had the lookout towers, and the Bezmiliana Fort rebuilt.
The extensive coastal construction paved the way for a new population living off the fishing trade. The name “Rincón de la Victoria” came from the Convent of La Victoria, founded by the Minims. However, it didn’t come until the mid-20th century, even though its population had been larger than Benagalbón’s for decades.